And there, as usual, new opportunities presented themselves. But his financial ups and downs, not to mention his mistresses, became too much for his wife Clara, who in 1867 took off for Paris with her daughters. He inspired a generation of party managers, created the National Union of the Conservative Party, and broke new ground in modern budgetary presentations, attracting admiration and criticism from across the political spectrum. Winters were spent in Manhattan, summers in fashionable Newport, Connecticut, with billionaire neighbours such as the Vandebilts. British Prime Minister 10 May 1940 - 26 Jul 1945 & 26 Oct 1951 - 6 Apr 1955 Right from the start, tongues wagged about her relationships with men. © HistoryOnTheNet 2000-2019. Leslie passed on his researches into the family history to his daughter, Anita Leslie, who wrote biographies of both Leonard and Jenny Jerome, and to Ralph Martin, biographer of Jenny (Ralph G. Martin, Lady Randolph Churchill: A Biography (1969).) One American magazine referred to her as Lady Jane Snatcher, due to her fondness for snaffling up likely escorts, and she was also known as Lady Randy. While everyone suspected the liaison, no one seemed to mind, including Randolph, who enjoyed the Count's company. Receiving its Royal Charter in 1960, Churchill College, is the national and Commonwealth memorial to Sir Winston Churchill. After countless flirtations with British gentry, including John Delacour, Lord Wolverton and Lord Astor, Jennie fell in love with a fellow American, Bourke Cockran, who would become another of Winston's surrogate fathers. Jennie and Randolph, who would soon become Winston Churchill's parents, fell in love at first sight. Jennie, by then an impressionable 15-year-old, was dazzled by the bohemian decadence of the city. She was of Huguenot extraction and her forebears emigrated to America from the Isle of Wight in 1710. Randolph was mercurial and unstable and despite being in poor health smoked 40 hand-rolled Turkish cigarettes a day. Even before he went away to school, little Winston had become suspicious of her amorous activities after noting one day that a hole in her stocking was on one leg when she left home and on the other when she returned. Despite everything, however, the marriage survived. John Strange Spencer Churchill (Jack) was born in Dublin on 4 February 1880, during the time his grandfather, the seventh Duke of Marlborough, was Viceroy of Ireland, and his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was serving as his Private Secretary. Randolph Frederick Edward Spencer-Churchill  was the son of Sir Winston Churchill and his wife Clementine. Lady Randolph Churchill loved the literary world. Randolph Churchill was born at his parents' house at Eccleston Square, London, on 28 May 1911. Despite all her pushiness and vanity, and her compulsion to be a social butterfly, Jennie was still an admirable character. The couple began having frequent premarital trysts in Paris, which had become so intense by early 1874 that there is a strong possibility that the future statesman was conceived in Randolph's hotel room on Rue du Rivoli. In Rangoon, however, her hopes were dashed. But when the stock fell, he lost everything and declared himself bankrupt. Fred Glueckstein is the author of Churchill and Colonist II (2015). At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancydress ball, the highpoint of the London season, she met George Frederick Middleton Cornwallis, a 23-year-old contemporary of Winston's. When she gave birth to a second son, John, six years later, rumours about whether Randolph was his father were rife. And when she visited relatives in Paris at the end of 1888, she added a number of French suitors to her conquests. By the mid-1880s, Jennie was madly in love with London's man of the moment, the handsome Austrian Count Charles Kinsky, who had just won the Grand National. 'Her life was a full one. Both were so busy that neither found the time to visit Winston at school on his 13th birthday, and when he returned for the Christmas holidays, he found the house empty  -  his parents had gone to Russia together. Leonard bought himself a big yacht and built a private theatre where he paraded a series of opera-singing mistresses in front of his long-suffering wife. Churchill was a Tory radical and coined the term 'Tory democracy'. Often left with her mother-in-law while her husband pursued parliamentary business, Jennie found married life difficult. In 1885, he had formulated the policy of progressive Conservatism which was known as “Tory Democracy”. Jennie, Winston Churchill's American mother, was very different from her son, who was utterly devoted to one woman: his darling wife, Clemmie. One of the accepted truths about the Churchill family is that Lord Randolph was a neglectful father because of his stressful political career and … Randolph Churchill, who died in 1968, was elected to the House of Commons only because he once ran unopposed, and he was once dismissed by a newspaper columnist as ``the pale satellite of another's fame.'' The relationship was overtly sexual, it is claimed, as Lady Randolph never allowed herself to fall in love. W. inston Churchill… Leonard Jerome was known as ‘The King of Wall Street”, he held interests in several railroad companies and was often a partner in the deals of Cornelius Vanderbilt. She had eight grandchildren, five through Winston and his wife Clementine Hozier (Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold, and Mary), and three through Jack and his wife Lady Gwendoline Theresa Mary Bertie (John, Henry, and Anne). Jennie Jerome, was an American socialite who was the daughter of American millionaire Leonard Jerome. History for Churchill was a source of imagination about how the future would change, which is why he wrote, “The longer you look back, the farther you can look forward.”. When Lord Randolph died, apparently of syphilis, her next two marriages were to men more than 20 years her junior, earning her a reputation for vanity and frivolity. A cabinet card portrait of Lady Randolph Churchill(1854-1921), the mother of Winston Churchill. History may have been very different had Jennie married Kinsky. She was the centre of Europe's attention. Although the marriage survived, Jennie, by then 32, was left with little of her former standing  -  nor the income which she had once taken for granted. Sir Winston and Lady Churchill (centre) had a very different relationship to his parents. 'I do not feel a sense of tragedy but only loss,' wrote Winston loyally. He was a patron of the arts, and founded the Academy of Music, one of New York City’s earliest opera houses. Churchill is known for her role in the film Royal Wedding (1951) as Anne Ashmond, starring opposite Fred Astaire. Play it now. One day, while visiting a friend in Somerset, Jennie, who was wearing some shoes she had just bought in Rome, slipped on the oak staircase. Why not be the first to send us your thoughts, The couple were married in the British embassy in the city that April, and Winston Leonard was born eight months later in Blenheim Palace, Oxford  -  and deemed to be rather healthy and pretty for a premature baby. click here for our comprehensive guide to Winston Churchill. One person who noticed her flair was the 45-year-old Prince of Wales. A search for Lady Randolph Churchill’s obscure last husband turns up another relation who was “Faithful but Unfortunate” ON 1 June 1918 the 64-year-old Lady Randolph Churchill married Montagu P. Porch, relatively unknown to Churchillians, whose fortunes were closely involved with the history of the Nigerian protectorate. The Churchill family's political history Winston Churchill enjoying an al fresco lunch in the south of France. There, Winston was so popular that back in England Jennie set out to sing her son's praises wherever she went. 'My darling Mummy,' the boy wrote plaintively, 'I do wish you were at home, it would be so nice.'. “Learn all you can about the past,” Churchill wrote to his grandson in 1948, when the younger Winston was away at boarding school, “for how else can anyone make a guess about what is going to happen in the future.”, A careful review of Churchill’s own historical works, starting with his magisterial biography of his forebear John Churchill, the first duke of Marlborough, and continuing with his multi-volume works on the two world wars and his History of the English-Speaking Peoples, will show that it was not merely the repetition of past patterns of history that he could see. Jennie, however, put up with it all, content with her place as the wife of a rising political star. Porch was 32, Jennie 65, but she had not given up her lust for life. Russia loved her. When Winston came home from school one weekend, he discovered his mother and the count openly breakfasting together. While their marriage had now been reduced to a mutual concern for each other's health, she and Randolph still decided to embark on a world tour together, taking with them a leadlined coffin in case he died en route. Jennie was now 41, alone in the world and living on a very restricted income  -  the family couldn't even rustle up enough money to send Winston to Cambridge. His mother put him on the train to his first boarding school at the age of eight, and failed to read between the lines of his letters home, which begged her to write or visit. Major John Strange Spencer-Churchill DSO TD (4 February 1880 – 23 February 1947), known as Jack Churchill, was the younger son of Lord Randolph Churchill and his wife Jennie, and the brother of former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Sir Winston Churchill. Absorbed in a new husband, she might not have poured all her hopes into Winston  -  and the course of history might have taken a very different course. You can also buy the book by clicking on the buttons to the left. But two years after Randolph's death, she fell in love once again. This article is part of our larger selection of posts about Winston Churchill. The Marlboroughs were as disreputable in England as the Jeromes were in the US Charming and arrogant, they spent lavishly, demonstrating, as Prime Minister William Gladstone noted, neither morals nor principles. If Shane Leslie had discovered a secret which he was persuaded not to publish during Churchill… Her father, Leonard Jerome, had been an investor in railroad stock. Not only did his father have other women, including Gladys, Countess de Grey, the most beautiful woman of her generation (to whom Oscar Wilde dedicated his play A Woman Of No Importance), and the actress Ellen Terry, there was also talk of homosexual liaisons during his frequent visits to Paris. No comments have so far been submitted. And it is this contrast that makes their relationship  -  the subject of Lady Randy, a new Channel 4 documentary  -  so fascinating. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast. She was the only Churchill child who grew up without grappling with alcohol, divorce or suicide: The couple’s oldest daughter, Diana, killed herself with a drug overdose in the 1960s. Churchill, 49, has made his way quietly and surely, unlike his combative father, Randolph, the only son among the five children of Winston and Clementine Churchill. She was often nicknamed ‘Lady Randy’, and her descendants believe that Randolph was not John’s father, but Evelyn Boscawen, an army officer. Winston stood gamely by his mother's side. By the end of World War I, however, she had a new young admirer, Montagu Porch, the son of a Somerset landowner. This article on the Churchill family tree is from James Humes’s book Churchill: The Prophetic Statesman. Lord Randolph was the son, though not heir, to the Duke of Marlborough, as he had an older brother to succeed to the title. Jennie Churchill had a voracious sex drive, and though she cared for Randolph, she took over 200 lovers, including The Prince of Wales. 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