[217] However, the global financial crisis that followed had a major impact on New Zealand, with the GDP shrinking for five consecutive quarters, the longest recession in over thirty years,[218][219] and unemployment rising back to 7% in late 2009. It is divided along its length by the Southern Alps. [307] Modesty was expected and enforced through the "tall poppy syndrome", where high achievers received harsh criticism. In the December 2014 quarter, the general unemployment rate was around 5.8%, while the unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 21 was 15.6%. [295] There are five types of government-owned tertiary institutions: universities, colleges of education, polytechnics, specialist colleges, and wānanga,[297] in addition to private training establishments. Today, the population of New Zealand (opens in new window) is made up of people from a range of backgrounds; 70% are of European descent, 16.5% are indigenous Māori, 15.1% Asian and 8.1% non-Māori Pacific Islanders. For instance, in 2016, Auckland was ranked the world's third most liveable city and Wellington the twelfth by the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. [264] In 2008 the leading cause of premature death was cancer, at 29.8%, followed by ischaemic heart disease, 19.7%, and then cerebrovascular disease, 9.2%. The series Now We Are Five (Million) aimed to find out how Aotearoa is different to what it was … [340] The New Zealand recording industry began to develop from 1940 onwards, and many New Zealand musicians have obtained success in Britain and the United States. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. Australia and New Zealand ranks number 1 in Oceania among subregions ranked by Population. Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Māori land was confiscated by the government, Programme for International Student Assessment, "Protocol for using New Zealand's National Anthems", International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Fifth Periodic Report of the Government of New Zealand, "2018 Census totals by topic – national highlights", "2018 Census totals by topic national highlights", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: October 2020", "Household income and housing-cost statistics: Year ended June 2019", "New Zealand Daylight Time Order 2007 (SR 2007/185)", "Natural environment - Geography and geology", "European discovery of New Zealand – Tasman's achievement", "The Pamphlet Collection of Sir Robert Stout:Volume 44. Population of New Zealand: today, historical, and projected population, growth rate, immigration, median age. [206] Even as late as the 1960s it made up over a third of all export revenues,[206] but since then its price has steadily dropped relative to other commodities,[233] and wool is no longer profitable for many farmers. [88] She is the country's third female prime minister. Population Pyramids: New Zealand - 2020. For comparison, the world average in 2018 based on 194 countries is 1.28 percent. [177][178] The number of fungi recorded from New Zealand, including lichen-forming species, is not known, nor is the proportion of those fungi which are endemic, but one estimate suggests there are about 2,300 species of lichen-forming fungi in New Zealand[177] and 40% of these are endemic. [230] New Zealand's wine industry has followed a similar trend to dairy, the number of vineyards doubling over the same period,[238] overtaking wool exports for the first time in 2007. [316] The pre-eminent Māori architecture consisted of carved meeting houses (wharenui) decorated with symbolic carvings and illustrations. The resident population of New Zealand reached 1 million in 1908. [368][369] The "All Blacks", the national rugby union team, are the most successful in the history of international rugby[370] and have won the World Cup three times. [257] The total gross expenditure on research and development (R&D) as a proportion of GDP rose to 1.37% in 2018, up from 1.23% in 2015. km of land area) - New Zealand from The World Bank: Data Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). miles). [196] Many seabirds breed in New Zealand, a third of them unique to the country. [229] New Zealand's main trading partners, as at June 2018[update], are China (NZ$27.8b), Australia ($26.2b), the European Union ($22.9b), the United States ($17.6b), and Japan ($8.4b). A large proportion of New Zealand's aid goes to these countries, and many Pacific people migrate to New Zealand for employment. New Zealand government . [230] On 7 April 2008, New Zealand and China signed the New Zealand–China Free Trade Agreement, the first such agreement China has signed with a developed country. [140][141] The New Zealand Parliament cannot pass legislation for these countries, but with their consent can act on behalf of them in foreign affairs and defence. [210] Living standards in New Zealand fell behind those of Australia and Western Europe, and by 1982 New Zealand had the lowest per-capita income of all the developed nations surveyed by the World Bank. The latest value from 2018 is 0.98 percent. [354] Rugby union is considered the national sport[355] and attracts the most spectators. [343], Public radio was introduced in New Zealand in 1922. Between about 1280 and 1350, Polynesians began to settle in the islands and then developed a distinctive Māori culture. [224][225] Today New Zealand's economy benefits from a high level of innovation. [129] Because of financial pressures and the desire to consolidate railways, education, land sales, and other policies, government was centralised and the provinces were abolished in 1876. [352] Since 1994, Freedom House has consistently ranked New Zealand's press freedom in the top twenty, with the 19th freest media in 2015[update]. [41] The resulting intertribal Musket Wars encompassed over 600 battles between 1801 and 1840, killing 30,000–40,000 Māori. [300], Early Māori adapted the tropically based east Polynesian culture in line with the challenges associated with a larger and more diverse environment, eventually developing their own distinctive culture. [270] The Māori loanword Pākehā has been used to refer to New Zealanders of European descent, although some reject this name. Railways run the length of the country, although most lines now carry freight rather than passengers. [306], The largely rural life in early New Zealand led to the image of New Zealanders being rugged, industrious problem solvers. According to Statistics New Zealand, the country's estimated population growth is one birth every 8 minutes and 13 seconds, one death every 16 minutes and 33 seconds, and a net migration gain of one New Zealand resident every 25 minutes and 49 seconds. [82], A parliamentary general election must be called no later than three years after the previous election. [366], New Zealand has competitive international teams in rugby union, rugby league, netball, cricket, softball, and sailing. Population. [357] Victorious rugby tours to Australia and the United Kingdom in the late 1880s and the early 1900s played an early role in instilling a national identity. [55], Early in the 20th century, New Zealand was involved in world affairs, fighting in the First and Second World Wars[63] and suffering through the Great Depression. [232] International visitor arrivals are expected to increase at a rate of 5.4% annually up to 2022. [311] However, rural imagery and themes are common in New Zealand's art, literature and media. [7] The currency is the New Zealand dollar, informally known as the "Kiwi dollar"; it also circulates in the Cook Islands (see Cook Islands dollar), Niue, Tokelau, and the Pitcairn Islands. New Zealand is organised into 11 regional councils and 67 territorial authorities for local government purposes. Most of them have European ancestors. [193] Three species of bats (one since extinct) were the only sign of native land mammals in New Zealand until the 2006 discovery of bones from a unique, mouse-sized land mammal at least 16 million years old. The two main islands (the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu) are separated by Cook Strait, 22 kilometres (14 mi) wide at its narrowest point. [137] The territorial authorities consist of 13 city councils, 53 district councils, and the Chatham Islands Council. [301] The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand and also influenced Māori culture,[302][303] particularly with the introduction of Christianity. New Zealand is a remote land—one of the last sizable territories suitable for habitation to be populated and settled—and lies more than 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Australia , its nearest neighbour. [73] Elizabeth II is the queen of New Zealand[74] and thus the head of state. A seasonal workers scheme for temporary migration was introduced in 2007, and in 2009 about 8,000 Pacific Islanders were employed under it. In 2020 the natural increase was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 32,851. In September 2020 Statistics New Zealand reported that the population had climbed above 5 million people in September 2019, according to population estimates based on the 2018 census. [360] New Zealand is known for its extreme sports, adventure tourism[361] and strong mountaineering tradition, as seen in the success of notable New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary. New Zealand Wild Life. [251] A large-scale rollout of gigabit-capable fibre to the premises, branded as Ultra-Fast Broadband, began in 2009 with a target of being available to 87% of the population by 2022. More than half of the population (56%, 2005) live in the five urban regions of Auckland, Hamilton, Napier-Hastings, Wellington and Christchurch. On New Zealand's South Island, the largest city is Christchurch, with a population of around 400,000 residents, making it the third-largest city in the country. [207] High demand for agricultural products from the United Kingdom and the United States helped New Zealanders achieve higher living standards than both Australia and Western Europe in the 1950s and 1960s. [101] The influence of the United States on New Zealand weakened following protests over the Vietnam War,[102] the refusal of the United States to admonish France after the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior,[103] disagreements over environmental and agricultural trade issues, and New Zealand's nuclear-free policy. These buildings were originally designed to be constantly rebuilt, changing and adapting to different whims or needs. [128], The early European settlers divided New Zealand into provinces, which had a degree of autonomy. Australia and New Zealand population is equivalent to 0.39% of the total world population. This is now most evident in the Southern Alps, formed by compression of the crust beside the Alpine Fault. [19] Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui (the fish of Māui) for the North Island and Te Waipounamu (the waters of greenstone) or Te Waka o Aoraki (the canoe of Aoraki) for the South Island. Australia and New Zealand ranks number 1 in Oceania among subregions ranked by Population. [268], While the demonym for a New Zealand citizen is New Zealander, the informal "Kiwi" is commonly used both internationally[269] and by locals. [239][240], In 2015, renewable energy generated 40.1% of New Zealand's gross energy supply. [104][105] Despite the United States' suspension of ANZUS obligations, the treaty remained in effect between New Zealand and Australia, whose foreign policy has followed a similar historical trend. [3] New Zealand English is similar to Australian English, and many speakers from the Northern Hemisphere are unable to tell the accents apart. The word Pākehā today is increasingly used to refer to all non-Polynesian New Zealanders. [304] However, Māori still regard their allegiance to tribal groups as a vital part of their identity, and Māori kinship roles resemble those of other Polynesian peoples. New Zealand: Population growth, percent: For that indicator, we provide data for New Zealand from 1960 to 2018. During this period, literature changed from a journalistic activity to a more academic pursuit. [n 3][3] The population has become more diverse in recent decades: in 1961, the census reported that the population of New Zealand was 92% European and 7% Māori, with Asian and Pacific minorities sharing the remaining 1%. [44], In 1788 Captain Arthur Phillip assumed the position of Governor of the new British colony of New South Wales which according to his commission included New Zealand. [345] A state-owned television service began in 1960. They traded European food, metal tools, weapons and other goods for timber, Māori food, artefacts and water. Follow me on Twitter. Estimated population as of 31 December: 3,176,400 Increase since 31 December 1979: 12,500 (0.40%) Males per 100 females: 99.2; Incumbents Regal and viceregal. [21] In 1830, mapmakers began to use "North" and "South" on their maps to distinguish the two largest islands, and by 1907 this was the accepted norm. In 2015, 55% of Māori adults (aged 15 years and over) reported knowledge of. [349] The country's diverse scenery and compact size, plus government incentives,[350] have encouraged some producers to shoot big-budget productions in New Zealand, including The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit film trilogies, Avatar, The Chronicles of Narnia, King Kong, Wolverine and The Last Samurai. [266] As of 2016[update], total expenditure on health care (including private sector spending) is 9.2% of GDP. [168][169] Of the seven largest cities, Christchurch is the driest, receiving on average only 640 millimetres (25 in) of rain per year and Wellington the wettest, receiving almost twice that amount. [20] Early European maps labelled the islands North (North Island), Middle (South Island) and South (Stewart Island / Rakiura). [313] Certain items of popular culture thought to be unique to New Zealand are called "Kiwiana". “It is also the fastest million in our history, taking 17 years after reaching 4 million in 2003.” Chart and table of New Zealand population density from 1950 to 2021. For all other years: average annual numerical change over the preceding five year period. [234] In contrast, dairy farming increased, with the number of dairy cows doubling between 1990 and 2007,[235] to become New Zealand's largest export earner. Food products made up 55% of the value of all the country's exports in 2014; wood was the second largest earner (7%). Regional authorities provide water abstraction, treatment and distribution infrastructure to most developed areas. [83] Almost all general elections between 1853 and 1993 were held under the first-past-the-post voting system. The same set of predictions believe that the population of New Zealand will be 4,834,420 in 2020, 5,213,103 in 2030, 5,502,172 in 2040, and 5,711,484 by 2050. Currently, 86.8 % of the population of New Zealand is urban (4,150,968 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in New Zealand is 18 people per Km 2 (47 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 263,310 Km2 (101,665 sq. Migrants (net): The average annual number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over the preceding five year period (running from July 1 to June 30 of the initial and final years), or subsequent five year period (for 2016 data). New Zealand Population The population of New Zealand represents 0.06 percent of the world´s total population which arguably means that one person in every 1585 people on the planet is a resident of New Zealand. [298] In the adult population, 14.2% have a bachelor's degree or higher, 30.4% have some form of secondary qualification as their highest qualification, and 22.4% have no formal qualification. With a patchwork history of Māori, European, Pacific Island and Asian influences, New Zealand's population of five million people is a melting-pot of cultures. The silver fern is an emblem appearing on army insignia and sporting team uniforms. New Zealand, Maori Aotearoa, island country in the South Pacific Ocean, the southwesternmost part of Polynesia. [315] Surface patterns consisting of spirals, ridges, notches and fish scales decorate most carvings. With a patchwork history of Māori, European, Pacific Island and Asian influences, New Zealand's population of five million people is a melting-pot of cultures. [206] The first shipment of refrigerated meat on the Dunedin in 1882 led to the establishment of meat and dairy exports to Britain, a trade which provided the basis for strong economic growth in New Zealand. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. “This is a significant event for New Zealand,” population insights senior manager Brooke Theyers said. Population: In 2017, New Zealand had an estimated population of close to 4.8 million. [186] The arrival of humans, associated changes to habitat, and the introduction of rats, ferrets and other mammals led to the extinction of many bird species, including large birds like the moa and Haast's eagle. The Realm of New Zealand also includes Tokelau (a dependent territory); the Cook Islands and Niue (self-governing states in free association with New Zealand); and the Ross Dependency, which is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica. Population density (people per sq. Elaboration of data by United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. [95] A 2017 Human Rights Report by the U.S. Department of State noted that the government generally respected the rights of individuals, but voiced concerns regarding the social status of the Māori population. The current population density of New Zealand in 2021 is 18.16 people per square kilometer, a 0.8% increase from 2020.; The population density of New Zealand in 2020 was 18.01 people per square kilometer, a 0.82% increase from 2019. [267], In the 2018 census, 71.8% of New Zealand residents identified ethnically as European or Pākehā, and 16.5% as native Māori. New Zealand has 0 cities with more than a million people, 10 cities with between 100,000 and 1 million people, and 33 … [212][213] Since 1984, successive governments engaged in major macroeconomic restructuring (known first as Rogernomics and then Ruthanasia), rapidly transforming New Zealand from a protected and highly regulated economy to a liberalised free-trade economy. [157] The highly active Taupo Volcanic Zone has formed a large volcanic plateau, punctuated by the North Island's highest mountain, Mount Ruapehu (2,797 metres (9,177 ft)). Coronavirus Population [314] Most Māori carvings feature human figures, generally with three fingers and either a natural-looking, detailed head or a grotesque head. [84] Between March 2005 and August 2006, New Zealand became the first country in the world in which all the highest offices in the land—head of state, governor-general, prime minister, speaker, and chief justice—were occupied simultaneously by women. [248] The road and rail networks in the two main islands are linked by roll-on/roll-off ferries between Wellington and Picton, operated by Interislander (part of KiwiRail) and Bluebridge. The population density in Australia and New Zealand is 4 per Km 2 (10 people per mi 2). [324] Greenstone was fashioned into earrings and necklaces, with the most well-known design being the hei-tiki, a distorted human figure sitting cross-legged with its head tilted to the side. [98] The 1923 and 1926 Imperial Conferences decided that New Zealand should be allowed to negotiate its own political treaties, and the first commercial treaty was ratified in 1928 with Japan. [220] Unemployment rates for different age groups follow similar trends but are consistently higher among youth. "[99], In 1951 the United Kingdom became increasingly focused on its European interests,[100] while New Zealand joined Australia and the United States in the ANZUS security treaty. [327][328] However, the local fashion industry has grown significantly since 2000, doubling exports and increasing from a handful to about 50 established labels, with some labels gaining international recognition. [181] New Zealand had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.12/10, ranking it 55th globally out of 172 countries. Christianity is the largest religion in New Zealand, with 15.4% of the population identifying with Protestant denominations, 10.1% identifying as Catholic and 11.9% identifying with some other form of Christianity. [56] Wellington was chosen for its central location, with Parliament officially sitting there for the first time in 1865. [13][14] Hendrik Brouwer proved that the South American land was a small island in 1643, and Dutch cartographers subsequently renamed Tasman's discovery Nova Zeelandia, from Latin, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. [108], New Zealand has a strong presence among the Pacific Island countries. The average value for New Zealand during that period was 1.18 percent with a minimum of -0.39 percent in 1979 and a maximum of 2.54 percent in 1962. [358] Horseracing was also a popular spectator sport and became part of the "Rugby, Racing and Beer" culture during the 1960s. These areas include regions, cities and towns, local board areas, and area units. [371], The national cuisine has been described as Pacific Rim, incorporating the native Māori cuisine and diverse culinary traditions introduced by settlers and immigrants from Europe, Polynesia, and Asia. Geothermal power is also a significant generator of electricity, with several large stations located across the Taupo Volcanic Zone in the North Island. [75] The queen is represented by the governor-general, whom she appoints on the advice of the prime minister. [179] The two main types of forest are those dominated by broadleaf trees with emergent podocarps, or by southern beech in cooler climates. New Zealand (Māori: Aotearoa [aɔˈtɛaɾɔa]) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It is unknown whether Māori had a name for the whole country before the arrival of Europeans, with Aotearoa originally referring to just the North Island. On Monday, Stats NZ released its quarterly estimate resident population figures which showed New Zealand notching the major milestone. [222] Nearly one-quarter of highly skilled workers live overseas, mostly in Australia and Britain, which is the largest proportion from any developed nation. Stats NZ is New Zealand's official data agency. [263] Life expectancy at birth is forecast to increase from 80 years to 85 years in 2050, and infant mortality is expected to decline. Māori in 1843 with the Wairau Affray over land and disagreements over sovereignty. [261] Auckland, with over 1 million residents, is by far the largest city. [52], New Zealand, still part of the colony of New South Wales, became a separate Colony of New Zealand on 1 July 1841. Auckland (Māori: Tāmaki Makaurau) is a large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand.The most populous urban area in the country, Auckland has an urban population of about 1,470,100 (June 2020). Population Pyramids: New Zealand - 2021. [96] New Zealand ranks highly for civic participation in the political process, with 80% voter turnout during recent elections, compared to an OECD average of 68%. [47] The Treaty of Waitangi was first signed in the Bay of Islands on 6 February 1840. According to Statistics New Zealand, the country's estimated population growth is one birth every 8 minutes and 13 seconds, one death every 16 minutes and 33 seconds, and a net migration gain of one New Zealand resident every 25 minutes and 49 seconds. [346] Deregulation in the 1980s saw a sudden increase in the numbers of radio and television stations. Stats NZ will release its next population estimate 17 August 2020. Two million was … [92], New Zealand is identified as one of the world's most stable and well-governed states. Clocks are advanced by an hour from the last Sunday in September until the first Sunday in April. New Zealand's resident population provisionally reached 5 million in March 2020, Stats NZ said today. Yearly % Change: For 2019: percentage change in total population over the last year (from July 1, 2018 to June 30 2019). [334] Some artists release Māori language songs, and the Māori tradition-based art of kapa haka (song and dance) has made a resurgence. New Zealand participated at the Summer Olympics in 1908 and 1912 as a joint team with Australia, before first participating on its own in 1920. [261] New Zealand cities generally rank highly on international livability measures. New Zealand’s economic freedom score is 84.1, making its economy the 3rd freest in the 2020 Index. Trewick SA, Morgan-Richards M. 2014. Part 14: Establishment and disestablishment of tertiary institutions, Section 62: Establishment of institutions", "Studying in New Zealand: Tertiary education", "Educational attainment of the population", "What Students Know and Can Do: Student Performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science 2010", "Conclusions – British and Irish immigration", "Thousands turn out for Pasifika Festival", "The New Zealanders – Post-war New Zealanders", "The New Zealanders – Ordinary blokes and extraordinary sheilas", "Rural mythologies – The cult of the pioneer", "New Zealand identity – Culture and arts", "Nation and government – Nationhood and identity", "Māori architecture: transforming western notions of architecture", "A new New Zealand art – history of NZ painting", "Paradise Lost: Contemporary Pacific Art At The Asia Society", "Pounamu – jade or greenstone – Implements and adornment", "Fashion in New Zealand – New Zealand's fashion industry", "New directions in the 1930s – New Zealand literature", "The war and beyond – New Zealand literature", "28 cities join the UNESCO Creative Cities Network", "History – celebrating our music since 1965", Recording Industry Association of New Zealand, "World famous in New Zealand: Hobbiton Movie Set", "New Zealand's first official TV broadcast", "Top 10 Highest Grossing New Zealand Movies Ever", JMAD New Zealand Media Ownership Report 2016, "More and more students wear school sports colours", "Rugby and the Forging of National Identity", "Māori–Pākehā relations – Sports and race", "Sport and Recreation Participation Levels", "London 2012 Olympic Games: Medal strike rate – Final count (revised)", "Rio 2016 Olympic Games: Medals per capita", "The All Blacks guide to being successful (off the field)", Key Development Forecasts for New Zealand, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, List of countries by English-speaking population, List of countries where English is an official language, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States, Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=New_Zealand&oldid=1002164735, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, States and territories established in 1907, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Seven districts lie in more than one region, These combine the regional and the territorial authority levels in one, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 04:25. 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