Out-migration from rural prefectures continued in the late 1980s, but more slowly than in previous decades. Asia & Oceania 1750–2000. More than half of all resident foreigners (1.15 million) are in their 20s and 30s. 5.2%. [38]:page 30. [8] In 2014 a new record of population decrease—268,000 persons—occurred. [30], Naturalized Japanese citizens and native-born Japanese nationals with multi-ethnic background are all considered to be Japanese in the population census of Japan. The number of annual births in Japan fell year-on-year by 27,688 in 2018, to 918,397. [24] The population of those 65 years or older roughly doubled in 24 years, from 7.1% of the population in 1970 to 14.1% in 1994. There are many causes, such as the declining birthrates, as well as the ratio of men to women since the last measurements from the years of 2006 and 2010. Checks on family background designed to ferret out buraku were commonly performed as part of marriage arrangements and employment applications,[15] but have been illegal since 1985 in Osaka. The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects regarding the population. Historically, the Ainu were an indigenous hunting and gathering population who occupied most of northern Honshū as late as the Nara period (A.D. 710–94). Religions. Opponents of fingerprinting argued that it was discriminatory because the only Japanese who were fingerprinted were criminals. (1.0%), Saitama The demographics of Japan and the human resources available for your business. Names using Western alphabet, Korean alphabet, Arabic characters, etc. Thus, in the 1970s and 1980s a plethora of books and articles was published which extolled the alleged uniqueness of Japanese culture. However, the majority of these immigrants will only remain in Japan for a maximum of five years, as many of them have entered the country in order to complete trainee programmes. Starting in 1371, the Ryukyu islands became a key trade intermediary between China and Japan. (0.6%), Shiga About 80 million of the urban population is heavily concentrated on the Pacific shore of Honshu.[23]. [79] Between 1959 and 1984 93,430 people used this route. Demographic statistics from the CIA World Factbook, Foreign residents on short term employment contracts, Fingerprinting foreigners when entering Japan. The reform includes a new visa status called tokutei gino (特定技能, "designated skills"). [15][41], Government statistics show that in the 1980s significant numbers of people left the largest central cities (Tokyo and Osaka) to move to suburbs within their metropolitan areas. It was published by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan and relates to 2015. (2.9%), Tokyo This is an all-time high and 1.76% of the population. Within this group, a number hold Special Permanent Resident status, granted under the terms of the Normalisation Treaty (22. Chinese made up the largest portion of them with 215,155, followed by Filipinos with 115,857, and Koreans with 65,711. Some ethnic Koreans and Chinese and their descendants (who may speak only Japanese and may never have even visited the country whose nationality they hold) do not wish to abandon this other citizenship. Out of them, 52.23% or 66,427,590 people are an active workforce. We said. The latest population census reflects the situation as of 1 October 2015. It contains data on current and future demographic traits of the population, such as age structure and geographic distribution, as well as figures about. The same increase took 61 years in Italy, 85 years in Sweden, and 115 years in France. About 50% of these moves were within the same prefecture; the others were relocations from one prefecture to another. During the Meiji period and the Taisho period (1912-26) many Chinese students came to Japan, mostly living in Tokyo, to study at universities since Japan was a cheaper and closer option them Europe or America. (0.1%). When the Treaty of San Francisco came into force many ethnic Koreans lost their Japanese citizenship from April 28, 1952 and with it the right to welfare grants, to hold a government job of any kind or to attend Japanese schools. International historical statistics: Africa. (0.2%), and Chiba Many young single Japanese male farmers choose foreign wives, mainly from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China and South Korea, due to a lack of interest from Japanese women living a farming life. The first ethnic Chinese immigrants are thought to have first come to Japan around 2,300 years ago from both China and the Korean Peninsula. [15] In 1991, as the bubble economy started to collapse, land prices began a steep decline, and within a few years fell 60% below their peak. High population density; 329.5 people per square kilometer for total area; 1,523 persons per square kilometer for habitable land. The Japanese population stood at thousand, remaining almos125,359 t at the same level as 2005. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. The Ainu are a group of indigenous Japanese people concentrated on the Japanese island of Hokkaido, the disputed Kuril Islands, and the Russian island of Sakhalin. United Nations World Population Prospects (2004 revision), The Dilemma Posed by Japan's Population Decline, Another Tsunami Warning: Caring for Japan’s Elderly, The New Illegal Immigration in Japan, 1980-1992, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Japan&oldid=1002015168, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Library of Congress Country Studies, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2012, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from July 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natural growth from January - August 2019 =, Natural growth from January - August 2020 =, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 12:04. One family's trouble", "Japan sees record high number of foreign residents: Justice Ministry", "Japan's Foreign Population Climbs to All-Time High", https://web.archive.org/web/20180327132827/http://www.moj.go.jp/content/001254624.pdf, "在留外国人統計(旧登録外国人統計) 2017年6月 | ファイルから探す | 統計データを探す | 政府統計の総合窓口", "Japan immigration hits record high as foreign talent fills gaps", "New immigration rules to stir up Japan's regional rentals scene — if they work", "Implications of Japan's Changing Demographics", "Japan's Resilient Demand for Foreign Workers", "Japanese Immigration Policy: Responding to Conflicting Pressures", "Start of new residency management system", "To all foreign nationals residing in Japan Beginning on Monday, July 9, 2012, Start of a new residency management system!". This includes 209,373 Filipinos, many of whom are married to Japanese nationals and possessing some degree of Japanese ancestry,[45] 210,032 Brazilians, the majority possessing some degree of Japanese ancestry,[45] 687,156 Chinese and 565,989 Koreans. [citation needed], In 2015 the Japanese government under prime minister Shinzō Abe announced that its policy of restricting immigration would not change despite the current declining population. Almost all of these foreign students and trainees will return to their home country after 3–4 years (one valid period), few students extend their visa. Within each ethnicity, you can find several different sub-groups. Though becoming more discussed, half-Japanese children often grow up … Approximately 98.6% of the population are Japanese citizens, and 99% of the population speak Japanese as their first language. [71] Foreign Army personnel, of which there were up to 430,000 from the SCAP (post-occupation, United States Forces Japan) and 40,000 BCOF in the immediate post-war years, have not been at any time included in Japanese foreign resident statistics. [75], A number of long-term resident Koreans in Japan today retain familial links with the descendants of Koreans,[76] that either immigrated voluntarily or were forcibly relocated during the Japanese Occupation of the Korea. [citation needed]. [28], 1965 (10th national census of population), 1970 (11th national census of population), 1975 (12th national census of population), 1980 (13th national census of population), 1985 (14th national census of population), 1990 (15th national census of population), 1995 (16th national census of population), 2000 (17th national census of population), 2005 (18th national census of population), 2010 (19th national census of population), 2015 (20th national census of population), Live births and deaths of Japan (1946-2019), Crude birth and death rate of Japan (1946-2019), The population consisted of 47,062,743 households, with 78.7% in urban areas (July 2000). [83] Additionally, Japanese men in urban parts of the country have also begun marrying foreign Asian women. Demographics of Japan 1 Demographics of Japan The demographic features of the population of Japan include population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. And, to be frank, there isn't any real scientific basis for dividing people into races. [95] The government administered Technical Intern Training Program, first established in 1993, provided over 190,000 short term contracted workers in 2015. Japan has indigenous minority groups such as the Ainu and Ryukyuans, who generally speak Japanese. As a result, both native and naturalized Japanese citizens are counted in a single group. 6%. According to the Statistical Bureau of Japan, the population of Japan as of December 2020 is at 125.71 million, including foreign residents. [10], The world population-ranking of Japan dropped from 7th to 8th in 1990, to 9th in 1998, to 10th in the early 21st century, and to 11th by 2020. Demographics of Japan: Demographics of Japan - Get the report with graphs and tables on!This dossier provides a range of statistics and facts on population. Nobuko Adachi, 35–51. B.R. Historically the bulk of those taking Japanese citizenship have not been foreign-born immigrants but rather Japanese-born descendants of Koreans and Taiwanese who lost their citizenship in the Japanese Empire in 1947 as part of the American Occupation policy for Japan. These foreigners are registered under student visa or trainee visa which gives them the student residency status, Most of these new foreigners are under this visa. The total population had declined by 0.8 percent from the time of the census five years previously, the first time it had declined since the 1945 census. The largest are the hisabetsu buraku or "discriminated communities", also known as the burakumin. During Japan's economic development in the twentieth century, and especially during the 1950s and 1960s, migration was characterized by urbanizationas people from rural areas in increasing numbers moved to the larger metropolitan areas in search of bett… [53][54] In the long term, its plan is to improve technology to address the labour shortage, while increasing Japanese fertility rates from the current level of 1.4 to 1.8, eventually stabilizing the population at approximately 100 million. ———. The largest native ethnic group in Japan is the Yamato people, although large minority groups include the indigenous Ryukyuan and Ainu peoples. [77] In many cases special residents, despite being born in Japan and speaking Japanese, have chosen not to take advantage of the mostly automatic granting of citizenship to special resident applicants. [17] [49][50] It is composed of 98.1% ethnic Japanese. Japanese 98.1%, Chinese 0.5%, Korean 0.4%, other 1% (includes Filipino, Vietnamese, and Brazilian) (2016 est.) Vietnamese makes the largest increase, however Burmese, Cambodians, Filipinos and Chinese are also increasing. Factbook > Countries > Japan > Demographics Ethnic groups: Japanese 98.1%, Chinese 0.5%, Korean 0.4%, other 1% (includes Filipino, Vietnamese, and Brazilian) (2016 est.) They have co-existed for more than a thousand years. This caused numerous cases of exploitation. Discover your ethnicity with AncestryDNA. 8.6%. The “Invisible” Japanese in the Heart of the Heartland: Ethnicity and Local Phenomena. This helps reduce labour shortage in certain sectors of the economy. The laws, however, did eliminate the economic monopoly they had over certain occupations. In 2005, there were 1,555,505 foreign residents in Japan, representing 1.22% of the Japanese population. The Yamato Japanese are the dominant group in Japan, making up the lion's share of Japan's population. 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